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By 12 December, he proclaimed his reign as Emperor of the Chinese Empire under the era name of Hongxian i. Due to massive opposition funding for the ceremony was cut on March 1st and he abandoned monarchism on March 22 after which he eventually died, humiliated, on the 5th of June. It is my opinion, that none of these marks actually dates to the Hongxian period but probably not earlier than the s. Non typical Chinese ware with thinly applied enamels.
All pieces with marks of this kind appears to date to the last quarter of the 20th century. Submitted picture very small but if the enamels are very thin the decoration is probably printed and the tureen should date to Date: Probably or later.
They were skilled in modeling figures and some rose to great fame. One of these was You Chang Zi He was born in Fujian, came to Jingdezhen in around , worked in Fujian Club for about nine years until he passed away in at the age of only He was widely recognized the best porcelain sculptor in Jingdezhen at the time. According to local oral history You Chang Zi liked to give his figures a face in the image of himself.
The quality of the figure and its sculptural value should be considered first before paying any attention to the mark since these have been widely copied and added to very common wares as a part of the decoration. Figure with enamel decoration. Date: probably third quarter of the 20th century. The mark is sought after but appears to have been widely copied. This mark could possibly be correct.
South Chinese, Shekwan - Shiwan , mid to late 20th century. Text written from right to left. Tentative date mid to late 20th century. Mark: Guan , "Imperial". Modern, Longquan Celadon ware, probably year or later. Similar mark is also found on white wares with blue and red decoration inside the porcelain. Also modern ware. Hua Shan is a well known mountain, renown for its beautiful pine trees and breath taking scenery, in Shaanxi Province.
Here probably used as a brand or factory name. Mark: He Yu - "He" Jade. Shiwan pottery candlestick. The mark and tidy round hole in the base points at a mid 20th century date. Note the use of "Zuo" created rather than the more profane "Zhi" made. Mark probably from mid 20th century. Wang Bing Rong Zuo Wang Bing Rong Made , a notable potter specializing in porcelain with carved decoration, almost like ivory carvings, active in Tongzhi to Guangxu period Mark from the period.
Probably mid 20th century, mark looks "pre cultural revolution" in style. Yu Sang Sing factory name Zuo made. For 18th-early 20th century factory marks; very often the factory was named after the founder. Vase, "Peking glass" with lid. Molded figure, probably Guangxu period or slightly later. For 18th-early 20th century factory marks; very often the factory was named after the founder - Zhu Mao Ji was most likely founded by "Zhu Mao". Probably late 19th-early 20th century.
Late 20th C. It was established in and eventually nationalized and its name changed to Jianguo Cichang in Jiangxi Ciye Gongsi Jiangxi Porcelain company. The most important factory in Jingdezhen. Established in , nationalized and its name changed to Jianguo Cichang in This mark probably somehow related to The mark says Jiangxi but according to HK porcelain dealer Mr.
Kong, this is painted in HK. Style and enamels do looks HK. Note absence of factory. Strangely enough the "pattern " are different but the bowls are identical. Early Peoples Republic period , probably s. Tea set, gold and enamels. Mark Jiangxi Zhen Pin , Jiangxi province precious product. Tentative date last quarter of the 20th century. Mark referring to the Qing dynasty Jiaqing period but is later. During the s to 70s this was a common mark on porelain made in China but decorated in Macao or Hong Kong.
Inside the neck a sticker saying, Made in Hong Kong. Tentative date c. Beside that the sticker indicates Hong Kong, this mark seems to be uniquely connected to Macau. See also "Macau Style" marks. Mark probably somehow related to Mark: Jingdezhen Zhi meaning: Jingdezhen Make. Tentative date: Second half of 20th century. Date: c. Date: acquired new in Jingdezhen Underglaze blue and white eggshell bowl. Date: or later. The characters are written in traditional Chinese and perhaps infer for this reason the piece is older than the mids, but traditional characters are often used in mainland China for shop names, invitations, calligraphy, etc.
Date: Contemporary. Date: Style of decoration consitent with a date around Research indicates that "Juren Tang" in Zhongnanhai was the building where Yuan Shikai lived and where he had his office around Guo Baochang, an antique dealer with a good relation to the court, was appointed to arrange for imperial Hongxian wares being made in What really came out of this is still debated. One opinion is that no pieces bearing the Hongxian mark is of the period, the only possibly genuine mark of the period being "Jurentang", if any.
Republic period. Family tradition has it that this vase "was originally made for an imperial or high level government official". The vase could be traced back in the family to mid s-mid s. Interestingly enough the front page of the plate seems to be from while the foot rim and the flowers scrolls on the back side of the dish gives it away as s or later too. Early 20th century, c Click here to see large picture. This dish is decorated in Hong Kong and the date suggested by Mr.
Lidded Jar. Probably Click here to see large picture. Mark with typical "hollow line". Date probably first decades of the 20th century, Probably after Cultural Revolution, second half 20th century. Mid 19th century to possibly early 20th century. Date: Mid 20th century. Date: Mid 20th century before , and then probably also before the Cultural Revolution Qing dynasty kiln area in Henan.
Pioneered underglaze polychrome decoration with Japanese help in the first decades of the 20th century. Modernized in and active as Hunan Porcelain Company until when it closed. In production was resumed under Liling Porcelain Company. Liling Porcelain Company. Modern Liling folks ware from the second half of the 20th century, ca.
Even if "CHINA" continued to be used for a long time, we can still assume that no marks with the full text "Made in China" is from before and more likely to be from the second WW or later. Mid 20th century s to s. Tentative date s. Dated in the inscription to Mark: Made in China Click here to see large picture. Export seal mark. Jingdezhen China? Tentative date last few decades of the 20th century.
Decoration is Rose Medallion Butterfly export pattern. All marks in this section are somehow referring to the Ming dynasty. They are with no exceptions from after the Ming dynasty and up until today in some cases. Late 19th century, probably around s. Probably second half of 19th century, "Kangxi revival" period.
This is possibly from the s. After Simon Kwan's exhibition of 20th century high quality porcelain even late pieces were imitated and this might be one of them. Mark appears to actually be printed, date probably contemporary. The bowl possibly made in Thailand. The bowl surprisingly comfortable to drink tea out of.
Probably last quarter of 20th century. The mark appears as written by somebody who do not know Chinese even if the "Nian" character is good. Uncertain date. Mark: "Nanjing Road", famous business street in Shanghai, was at the height of its glory Bowl with 'rice grain' decoration. Early 20th Century. Possibly s. For reference, Zhen appeared in , Pin appeared in Second quarter of 20th c. The best way to organize Qing dynasty seems for now to be by style.
Seal marks are in the style of a seal and not difficult to tell. Song marks are in a hand written form and in Song's style of writing, then there is Ming, Qing, Republic, modern and after Cultural Revolution style of writings etc, this is a most specialized and difficult subject, and no books has as far as we know dared to touch on this yet, but being a true Viking I'll go about doing this soon, with the help of my Chinese speaking friends, who often can read even the most obscure renderings.
Qianlong or "Lasting Eminence" is the name of the reigning period of the Chinese Emperor whose name was actually Hongli. Stamped seal mark. Seemingly authentic Straits Chinese market porcelain. Extremely fragile Jingdezhen eggshell ware from around Outlines of the decoration are stamped and manually filled in with colored enamels. Usually young women was doing this kind of work. Each bowl did not take many seconds to decorate. The drawback was that they were nigh impossible to transport due to their fragility.
Being the thickness of lamp bulb glass the temptation was irresistible to stack them 20 at a time in oblong boxes intended for vases, upon which they arrived as that much porcelain confetti. Only way, was to give them one box each which of course added to the cost. JEN Click here to see large picture. Following marks are in Kaishu normal script style. This is the present-day regular script, which has been in existence now for almost years. As opposed to seal script, which is drawing, this is hand writing.
From the 'realistic' look of the decoration despite the small scale of the available picture, I would like to suggest a date to around s on this piece. The use of black and orange rust colored enamels is very typical of the very last years of the s. Due to the shaky lines in the decoration I would like to suggest a date on this vase to around the s or later. Japanese moriage decoration imitation. Suggested date; s or later. Second half of 20th century. Due to the shaky lines in the decoration I would even like to suggest a date on this vase to around the s or later.
Seal mark in raised blue enamels. The "poisonious glaze" warning label seems to indicate a date after Mark: Qianlong Nian Zhi. Probably early 20th century. The special calligraphy of this mark should be compared to , and For the time being I would like to suggest that this mark is a Hong Kong mark from the s. Bowl and According to family documents this set was taken out of China just prior to Good quality decoration with hand drawn outlines and decoration in opaque famille rose enamels.
The inside of the bowl is plain white exactly the same as the bottom of the spoon a very few flecks of brown. Tentative date are the s, not later than These six character marks follow the traditional way of drawing seal marks in archaic seal script, zhuanshu , from the Qianlong period The manner is a drawing more like an engraving rather than actual hand writing.
Tentative period Mid 20th Century. Marks with this wide frame is likely to be from after the s and should be compared to the Macau style marks. Porcelain with this "hard" color scheme seems to be contemporary with the influence from Russia in the s. Note the black top rim ruyi border, cf. Early Peoples Republic period Note the crackled glaze. It is a Chinese new decorative ware not older than the s. Probably 20th century. Tentative date Guangxu period Tentative date: s.
Possibly decorated in Hong Kong, around Kung, porcelain merchant in Hong Kong, this is decorated in Hong Kong around Mid 20th century or later. Plate probably from the s period. Probably 3rd quarter of 20th century. Kaishu - normal script style. As opposed to seal script , which is drawing, this is hand writing. Black gilded lidded jar, tentative date ss. Date: Late s to c.
In these marks the dynasty Da Qing - Great Qing is omitted, which usually is a pretty surefire sign that the mark is not of the period. No marks below are of the period. See individual marks below for approximate date. This mark is in the style of Qing 'Guan' Imperial pieces. My best guess for a date is around considering the printed outlines of the decoration. Teapot or wine warmer. Made to the order of Emperor Qianlong. This mark is in the style of Qing Guan pieces.
The mark is referring to the Qianlong period during the Qing dynasty. Notice that the red mark also must have been applied in Hong Kong since it is actually moved off center to give way for the gold mark. Probably s. Chinese copy of Japanese "Satsuma" ware. After The Shende Tang was completed in , thus making Daoguang pieces with this mark attributable to the two decades between and ; see Ming Wilson, Rare Marks on Chinese Ceramics , London, , cat.
This could be translated as 'Made for the Hall of Prudent Virtue'. This mark first appeared in the Daoguang period and continued to be used until mid 20 th Century. This mark: Guangxu period or a few decades into the 20th century. This mark: Probably early to mid 20th century. Tang Shan is a city in Hebei province. In the Tang Shan earthquake wiped out the entire city.
Tang Shan has produced porcelain of good quality but less known then it southern competitors Jingdezhen in Jiangxi province and the Liling kiln in Hunan but has produced grand pieces in similar styles. The Tangshan Ceramic book tell there were three major porcelain factories in Tangshan from s. The Qi Xin Factory, first established in and changed name to Tangshan 5th factory around s, sub-divided to Yue Feng Sub-division Factory in The second factory was the De Cheng factory and the third, the Xin Min factory.
Vase decorated in green monochrome glaze. Mark: unclear but probably Min Gou Tang Shan , date c. For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the Tongzhi period and those who are stamped, as later and with few exceptions of the later Guangxu period So far this seems to make sense with the certain exception of marks from the Cultural Revolution period, when Tongzhi marks enjoyed an unexplained popularity on items decorated in Macau or Hong Kong.
One complicating matter is also that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or, stamped and then manually touched up. In those cases I think we can assume that the piece is of the period. Handwritten and probably of the period.
Unfortunately we don't have a picture of the piece. Teapot with sepia decoration from Journey to the West. Mark most carefully hand drawn to look like a neat seal. Possibly of the period. Stamped mark, probably Guangxu period or slightly thereafter.
Stamped mark, dating to after the Guangxu period comfirmed by date in the inscription "made by Cheung Wen-tai in the winter of ", inscription meant to congratulate people on a bright and promising career etc. Probably Guangxu period or later Click here to see large picture.
Probably Guangxu period The frame around the mark appears unusually wide but since both the characters and the dishes themselves appears to be correct, I don't think there is any reason to doubt the mark as being correct. This mark is probably not antique. The date is uncertain and no picture of the piece is available for help. The mark is similar to mark but the general looks seems to suggest Macau decorated porcelain from third quarter of the 20th century.
For all practical purposes I have decided to think of all hand written Tongzhi marks as of the period and those who are stamped, as later and usually of the Guangxu period. So far as when compared to the dated reference porcelain we have collected so far this seems to work. One minor complicating matter is that some seal marks that looks stamped could well be hand drawn or, stamped and then manually improved.
The quality of the pieces is always more important then what the mark says. Dish fencai decoration on Celadon ground. Date: Second half of the 19th century. Date: Second half of the 19th century possible of the period. Probably Guangxu period or somewhat later. Good quality stamped mark. Probably Guangxu period or later. Bowl with coral red enamel. Apparently hand drawn mark.
Thanks to the triangular number mark, easy to pinpoint to Macau or Hong Kong s or later. Ginger jar with enamel decoration. The mark is stamped. Date probably third quarter of the 20th century. Factory still in operation. Mark: "UW". Mark used by United Wilson Porcelain Factory. Mark: UW. Used by United Wilson, Hong Kong. Porcelain manufactured in China. Date: Modern, probably s. This mark was used by "Wah Lee Co.
No western characters were used together with this mark. Peng Chau is a small island, one hour boat journey east of the Hong Kong island, with only a few inhabitants. The factory was one of five or six on Peng Chau and at most employed 80 workers.
The decorators was trained by experts having moved from Jingdezhen. Mark: Wah Lee Factory Made. Factory owner's dating: Wan-Auspicious character meaning innumerable, literary 'ten thousand'. Occurs in modern contemporary Chinese porcelain decorations. Probably Shou-Auspicious character meaning 'longevity'. Wu-Auspicious character meaning 'no', together with jiang as in wujiang meaning 'limitless'. Jiang-Auspicious character meaning 'border', together with wu as in wujiang meaning 'limitless'.
Wanyu appears on Chinese porcelain from the Kangxi period and onwards. The meaning is rather abstract but can perhaps be translated as "jade trinket" or "antique porcelain as fine as jade". The mark first appeared in Kangxi but has been used well into the 20th century.
It is also one of the marks used on later Bleu de Hue porcelain for the Vietnamese market. Small vase, coral red enamels with stamped gilt decoration. Height 11 cm. Mark: Wan Yu. Date: Late Qing to Early Republic. Mark: Wanyu , "jade trinket". Porcelain appears to be Bleu de Hue from around Mark: Wanyu. This mark appears to be applied with a rubber stamp, underglaze blue decoration transfer printed. Date probably or later. Mark: Wen. A chinese surname, also the word for script, writing.
Date; late 20th century, probably around This mark is modern. It occurs in red, blue or black. There has been a lot of confusion about this mark however some pieces with this mark have been found with a sticker saying "Made in China".
Other carries the text "not for food" which is not applied on porcelain predating around while others are only marked WL The porcelain pieces are generally made in an old style, often with a crackled ground and often with badly cast bronze ormolu fittings. On the foot rim is sometimes found two Chinese characters meaning "fang gu" or "imitating old relic " which belongs to the time after the Cultural Revolution that ended in The porcelain itself does not immediately look as from Jingdezhen while it remains possible.
The enamel decoration appears similar to what I have begun to call Macau style. On the whole, the origin appears to be a commercial Chinese export, active from maybe the s and onwards. Exactly where the porcelain wares itself is made remains unknown. Date: Modern, probably c.
Origin unknown. On the foot rim what appears to be Chinese numbers. Mark: " WL " On plain white porcelain, added to the base is the text warning about not suitable for food plus a sticker saying "Made in China". Porcelain figures of dogs. Decorated in underglaze blue. Date: Modern, probably second half of 20th century. Porcelain box decorated with Masonic emblems. Calligraphy written from left to right in the modern way.
Writing from left to right in a single line along with the general use of European-American grammar structure occurs after the mids in mainland China alone. The foot has a hole for hanging. Second half 20th century. The meaning is that the decoration is added in Hong Kong, which implies that the porcelain blanks could be either Chinese or Japanese.
Date s to s. According to legend the Yellow Emperor ordered his minister Ling Lun to make musical instruments with bamboo from the Xie Valley, and gradually the term 'xie bamboo' was used to refer to wind instruments such as the flute and the pipe. Judging from the number of extant porcelains with this mark it is most unlikely that all the vessels were commissioned by one single person, thus Xiezhu Zhuren was probably the name of a private kiln.
Most of its products are overglaze-decorated, and the mark is always written in overglaze iron red enamel, in seal script within a square. A variant of this mark is the Xiezhu zao mark without the word 'master' , which is rarer. Mark Xiezhu Zhuren zao Made by the Master of Wind Music in seal script within a square is written in overglaze red on the base.
Name Mark or Collector's Mark, first appeared in the Daoguang period which is the likely date for this mark. Name Mark or Collector's Mark, first appeared in the Daoguang period. Likely date for this mark is mid 20th century. Modern ware from the s or even later. This appears to be a private collector's or a factory mark. It occurs on porcelain figures in 18thth century style, elaborate vases with applied decoration and plates. Marks appear handwritten and stamped.
The handwritten mark is found on plate that I feel is of a style developed in Guangzhou Canton in the s. The stamped marks appears to be later; s or even later, and on pieces in Macau or Hong Kong style enamels. Private Collector's or factory mark on porcelain figures in 18thth century style. Mid to late 20th century. Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels- fencai.
Vase with applied decoration of flowers. Lidded jar with decoration of flowers. Probably Macao style late enamels - fencai. Mid to late 20th century, tentative date c. Guangzhou Canton or Hong Kong style late enamels, fencai. Mark: Yang Cheng. The picture is a pair of goats holding a vase. Myth legend tells of Guangzhou was founded by Five Immortals riding five rams, each ram planted a stalks of rice grain which symbolizes abundant of harvest or prosperity.
Tentative date around the s. Matching years for "Wu Chen" are , , , and so on. Large fish bowl, decorated in traditional Rose Medallion style. Some pieces with this mark have carried a sticker saying Made in Hong Kong. It is likely that any enamel decoration was added on blanks made in China, however the paste does not look like Jingdezhen ware but was probably made somewhere else.
China, mid 20th century. Mark: "Yong Sheng Tang Zhi. On the inside a sticker saying "Made in the Peoples Republic of China". Decorative marks, not of the period. Underglaze blue hand painted seal mark. Mid 20th century, high quality. Red rubber stamped seal mark. This one I am very uncertain about since I have only got these pictures to look at. The decoration as such on this vase could be Guangxu early 20th century but the vase and its mark looks at most a decade old to me.
The enamels also seems from the picture to be similar to the ones used in Macau, in the s. Still, this mark is also included in the Macau section until further until we have seen more of this type and can date it with a greater amount of certainty. Date latter part of 20th century. The two last characters Jian zhi means "Overseen and Produced Make ".
These marks are all applied onto modern porcelain related to United Wilson of Hong Kong. The porcelain most likely dates to the second half of the 20th century. Crackled glaze. Mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi. Stamped figure mark. Porcelain box with lid. Porcelain service with enamel decoration. Decorative Armorial tureen with unknown initials. Base mark: You Xian Ju Jianzhi. Porcelain figure. Mark: You Xian Ju Zhi. Stamped mark. Probably related to United Wilson, Hong Kong.
It was founded there in Over painters worked there between the s to the s. The decoraive style was called Guang Cai, meaning Guangzhou enamels which is characterized by thin enamels and generous amounts of gilding.
Only pure gold dust was used before the s, after which the factory changed to liquid gold. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Before you begin buying stuff to make your own pottery pieces, it would be a good idea to attend a few pottery classes. Professional potters can guide you to the type of pottery you want to create.
In pottery classes, the instructor will guide you about the tools you need to get started with. Some Pottery studios will ask you to buy your own clay, glaze or brushes , but will provide you with molds, kiln, pottery wheel, and extra tools. There are a good amount of tools and supplies needed to make pottery. Here is a list of the basics needed for you to create your pottery. The Kiln is one of the most important pieces of pottery-making equipment.
Kilns convert greenware to bisque, and a finished pottery piece once the bisque-fired piece is glazed and baked again in the Kiln. Kilns are the most expensive out of all the pottery equipment. A basic kiln with Cone 5 to 8 settings would work.
The most important thing to look for in a kiln is its size. Next is how much electricity a kiln consumes. This would depend greatly on the size and temperature you would fire to. Cone 5 to 10 are higher temperatures, and some kilns can use more power than others.
Also, look for durability and a good warranty. For more information on kiln sizes and cost, I wrote two extensive articles that you can check out Facts Features and What to Consider when buying a Kiln. The next expense is a Pottery Wheel. A Wheel is used to shape your clay into pottery. A Pottery Wheel is also used to place your leather hard pottery on for trimming.
You can also use it for decorating your Pottery in many different ways. Kick Wheels have a heavy flywheel attached to them that needs to be kicked to rotate. Electric Pottery Wheels are the go-to for most people. They have different speed settings and are convenient to use. Beginner potters have a tough time making shapes, 3D designs for decoration pieces. Molds can help you with that. All you have to do is pour your clay solution or slip it into the mold and let it dry. The material will shrink and move away from the mold, leaving you with a thin-walled structure.
You can attach this piece to your pottery with clay slip. To check out the price click Molds for clay and slip. Also, go to this Pottery Tool Guide List for a full description of the tools you can choose from. There are three main types of clays Potters mainly use.
Their costs are different. There is Earthenware clay, followed by Stoneware clays and Porcelain clay can be the most expensive. The price depends on the clay type, amount, color, and quality. Check out these Top Clay Picks for more information on clay types and costs. Glazes are the most important decorative and protective substance that needs to be applied on pottery.
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